Radha Krishna Temple Construction


SECTION 21 05 00

P A R T   1 - G E N E R A L



This section includes information common to two or more technical fire protection specification sections or items that are of a general nature, not conveniently fitting into other technical sections.

The specifications and drawings are scope documents based on the Owner’s requirements for the fire protection systems.  It is the intent of the documents to detail and specify the minimum requirements and components.  It is the responsibility of the Contractor to design and install a complete fire protection system in compliance with NFPA, State, and the Local Authority Having Jurisdiction codes and requirements.  Pipe and equipment sizing shown in the documents is the minimum allowed.  If larger size is required, it is to be included in the bid.

Included are the following topics:



              Related Work     


              Reference Standards

              Quality Assurance

              Continuity of Existing Services

              Protection of Finished Surfaces

              Sleeves and Openings

              Sealing and Fire Stopping

              Equipment Furnished by Others

              Provisions for Future

              Off Site Storage


              Design Criteria

              Temporary Standpipes

              Certificates and Inspections


              Operating and Maintenance Instructions

              Training of Owner Personnel

              Record Drawings


              Access Panels and Doors


              Sealing and Fire Stopping



              Concrete Work

              Cutting and Patching

              Building Access

              Equipment Access




              Sleeves and Openings

              Sealing and Fire Stopping

              Construction Verification Items

              Agency Training



This section applies to all Division 21 sections of fire suppression.

Section 07 84 00 – Fire Stopping

Section 01 91 01 or 01 91 02 – Commissioning Process



Applicable provisions of Division 1 govern work under this section.



Abbreviations of standards organizations referenced in this and other sections are as follows:


AGA      American Gas Association

ANSI     American National Standards Institute

ASME   American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASPE     American society of Plumbing Engineers

ASTM   American Society for Testing and Materials

AWWA American Water Works Association

AWS      American Welding Society

CGA      Compressed Gas Association

CS          Commercial Standards, Products Standards Sections, Office of Engineering Standards Service, NBS

EPA       Environmental Protection Agency

FM         FM Global

FS          Federal Specifications, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

IAPMO International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials

IEEE      Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

ISA        Instrument Society of America

DSPS     State of Wisconsin Dept. of Safety and Professional Services

MSS      Manufacturer's Standardization Society of the Valve & Fitting Industry, Inc.

NBS       National Bureau of Standards

NEC       National Electric Code

NEMA   National Electrical Manufacturers Association

NFPA    National Fire Protection Association

STI         Steel Tank Institute

UL         Underwriters Laboratories Inc.



Substitution of Materials:  Refer to Section GC - General Conditions of the Contract, Equals and Substitutions.

All products and materials used are to be new, undamaged, clean and in good condition. Existing products and materials are not to be reused unless specifically indicated.

Where equipment or accessories are used which differ in arrangement, configuration, dimensions, ratings, or engineering parameters from those indicated on the contract documents, the contractor is responsible for all costs involved in integrating the equipment or accessories into the system and for obtaining the intended performance from the system into which these items are placed.


Do not interrupt or change existing services without prior written approval from the Owner's Project Representative.  When interruption is required, coordinate scheduling of down-time with the Owner to minimize disruption to his activities.  Unless specifically stated, all work involved in interrupting or changing existing services is to be done during normal working hours.


The engineer is expected to discuss the interruption of any service with the occupants of the building to determine how these changes can best be made. If work is required on weekends, nights, or holidays, this must be indicated in the specifications and/or on the drawings. Add specifics including location, which service, hours when work is to be scheduled, required sequencing with other work, etc.


Refer to Division 1, General Requirements, Protection of Finished Surfaces.


Sealing and firestopping of sleeves/openings between piping, etc. and the sleeve or structural opening shall be the responsibility of the contractor whose work penetrates the opening.  The contractor responsible shall hire individuals skilled in such work to do the sealing and fireproofing.  Provide all fire stopping of fire rated penetrations and sealing of smoke rated penetrations in compliance with section 07 84 00 Fire Stopping.


Prior approval by Project/Construction Mgr and the A/E will be needed. The contractor shall submit Storage Agreement Form to Project/Construction Mgr for consideration of off site materials storage. Generally, sleeves, pipe/pipe fittings and similar rough-in material will not be accepted for off site storage. No material will be accepted for off site storage unless shop drawings for the material have been approved.

Limitations on material for off site storage are being imposed due to poor experience in maintaining the quality of materials stored.


Comply with requirements of Texas Health and Safety Code, NFPA Standards and local Fire Chief or Fire Marshal (AHJ, Authority Having Jurisdiction) regarding design, materials and installation.



Design fire protection systems in accordance with codes, standards and regulations noted above.

Any modifications to the system would be designed with proper hydraulic calculations to enable to system to extinguish any fire with maximum efficiency with minimum cost of piping, apparatus, and  supply of extinguishing medium and designed for the most remote area,

Remote area reduction for use of quick response sprinkler heads is not allowed without prior approval of the A/E and Project/Construction Manager.

Higher than minimum densities/areas from NFPA 13 may be specified since greater than normal hazard potential is anticipated due to the cooking activities taking place as part of regular operation of the kitchen expansion area.  

Modify, as required,  a Class 1, manual wet (manual dry, automatic wet) standpipe system for this facility. The system is already supplied via a fire department pumper connected to the fire department connection. Provide hydraulic calculations based on the local fire department’s pumper apparatus serving as the source of supply at the fire department connection per the requirements of the NFPA 14 Standard, current prevailing edition.


Obtain and pay for all required State or local installation inspections except those provided by the Architect/Engineer .  Deliver originals of NFPA test certificates and  reports to Project/Construction Manager.  Include copies of the certificates and reports in the Operating and Maintenance Instructions.


Shop drawing submittals are to be bound, labeled, contain the project manual cover page and a material index list page showing item designation, manufacturer and additional items supplied with the installation. Submit for all equipment and systems as indicated in the respective specification sections, marking each submittal with that specification section number.  Mark general catalog sheets and drawings to indicate specific items being submitted and proper identification of equipment by name and/or number, as indicated in the contract documents. Include wiring diagrams of electrically powered equipment.

The specific items that will be required for submittals shall be coordinated with the Project/Construction Manager, the A/E, for inclusion in the project submittal log.

Submittals shall be sent to the local Fire Chief or Fire Marshal for review prior to the Architect/Engineer. Include a copy of all review/approval letters in submission to Architect/Engineer.

Submit plans indicating water supply location and size, piping layout and size, sprinkler locations and type, hanger locations and type, equipment locations and type, valve locations and type, occupancy classes, hydraulic reference points, design areas and discharge densities.

Submit hydraulic calculations for water supply and sprinkler and standpipe systems. Include summary sheet and detailed work sheets. Describe characteristics of water supply and location of effective point used in calculations. Include graph illustration of water supply, hose demand, sprinkler demand and in-rack sprinkler demand. Where a fire pump is used, graph primary rating point, secondary rating point and churn pressure of pump and combined water supply.

Submit sufficient quantities of data sheets and shop drawings to allow the following distribution:

Operating and Maintenance Manuals                2 copies
Division of Facilities Development                      1 copy
Architect/Engineer                                                1 copy
Local Fire Chief or Marshal                                  2 copies


All operations and maintenance data shall comply with the submission and content requirements specified under section GENERAL REQUIREMENTS.

Supply the following additional documentation:

Copies of all approved submittals along with approval letters.
Manufacturer's wiring diagrams for electrically powered equipment.
Records of tests performed to certify compliance with system requirements.
Certificates of inspection by regulatory agencies.
Manufacturers installation, operation and maintenance recommendations for equipment and specialties.
Valve schedules
Lubrication instructions, including list/frequency of lubrication
CAD files of the Contractor installation plans compatible with AutoCAD
Additional information as indicated in the technical specification sections


Instruct Owner's personnel in the proper operation, maintenance and testing of systems and equipment provided as part of this project.  Include not less than 1 hour of instruction, using the Operating and Maintenance manuals and record drawings during this instruction.  Demonstrate testing, startup and shutdown procedures for all equipment.  All training to be during normal working hours. 


Refer to Division 1, General Requirements, Record Documents.


In addition to the data indicated in the General Requirements, maintain fire protection layout record drawings and hydraulic calculations on originals prepared by the installing contractor/subcontractor.  Include copies of these record drawings and calculations with the Operating and Maintenance manuals.


P A R T   2 - P R O D U C T S



Verify that the following products are specified in the sections indicated.  Coordinate the location of all access panels and doors with the Architect.  Where special products are required to provide access, the products should be specified in the General Prime Contractor portion of the specifications and installed by him.  Where the exact number and size of panels/doors cannot be established, consider obtaining unit prices; refer to Instructions to Bidders.

Lay-in Ceilings:

Removable lay-in ceiling tiles in 2 X 2 foot or 2 X 4 foot configuration provided under Division 09 are sufficient; no additional access provisions are required unless specifically indicated.

Masonry Walls, Gypsum Board, Plaster Walls and Ceilings:

16 gauge frame with not less than a 20 gauge hinged door panel, prime coated steel for general applications, stainless steel for use in toilets, showers, and similar wet areas, concealed hinges, screwdriver operated cam latch for general applications, key lock for use in public areas, UL listed for use in fire rated partitions if required by the application.  Use the largest size access opening possible, consistent with the space and the equipment needing service; minimum size is 12" by 12".

The fire protection engineer must coordinate this item with the  Project/Construction Manager and Designer.  Any access panels must be coordinated and approved prior to installation.



Not less than 1/2" high letters for pipe sizes 1" through 2-1/2" and 1” high letters/numbers for pipe sizes 3" and above for marking pipe and equipment. Apply flow arrows to piping.



Pressure-sensitive, adhesive backed, vinyl pipe markers with applicable labeling, ¾” min. size for lettering and surrounding tape on both ends. With flow arrows on piping. Conforming to ANSI, ANSI and NFPA standards. Seton Opti-Code, MSI, Brady or approved equal. Clean piping before application.


One-piece, pre-formed, vinyl construction, snap-around or strap-around pipe markers with applicable labeling, ¾” min. size for lettering. Provide nylon ties on each end of pipe marker. Seton Setmark or approved equal.


Metal construction, baked porcelain enamel finish signs, sizes conforming to NFPA no. 13 and 7-1.2, with holes and s-hooks/chains for hanging or securing. With applicable labeling. MSI, Seton, W.H. Brady or equal.

Engraved Name Plates:

White letters on a black background, 1/16” thick plastic laminate, beveled edges, screw mounting, Setonply Style 2060 by Seton Name Plate Company or Emedolite Style EIP by EMED Co., or equal by W. H. Brady.

Valve Tags:

Round brass tags with 1/2” numbers, 1/4” system identification abbreviation, 1-1/4”  minimum diameter, with brass jack chains with brass "S" hooks or one piece nylon ties around the valve stem, available from EMED Co., Seton Name Plate Company, MSI or W. H. Brady.




Provide all fire stopping of fire rated penetrations and sealing of smoke rated penetrations in compliance with section 07 84 00 “Fire Stopping”.

Whenever possible, avoid penetrations of fire and smoke rated partitions.  When they cannot be avoided, verify that sufficient space is available for the penetration to be effectively fire and smoke stopped.

Project/Construction Manager and A/E must identify locations of fire and smoke rated construction and their hourly rating on drawings.


At pipe penetrations of non-rated interior partitions, floors and exterior walls above grade, use urethane caulk in annular space between pipe insulation and sleeve. For non-rated drywall, plaster or wood partitions where sleeve is not required, use urethane caulk in annular space between pipe insulation and wall material.

P A R T   3 - E X E C U T I O N



Perform all demolition as indicated on the drawings to accomplish new work.  Where demolition work is to be performed adjacent to existing work that remains in an occupied area, construct temporary dust partition to prevent the contamination of the occupied space.  Where pipe is removed and not reconnected with new work, cap ends of existing services as if they were new work.  Coordinate work with the Project/Construction Manager and Building Owner to minimize disruption to the existing building occupants.

All pipe, sprinklers, equipment, wiring, associated conduit and similar items demolished, abandoned, or deactivated are to be removed from the site by the Contractor except as specifically noted otherwise. All designated equipment is to be turned over to the User Agency/Owner for his use at a place and time he so designates.  Maintain the condition of material and/or equipment that is indicated to be reused equal to that existing before work began.

Where demolition work is extensive or complex, separate details or drawings are required [rather than notes on the construction drawings] to accurately illustrate the extent of the work.  Reproduction of photographs on the demolition drawings may be appropriate.  Do not specify demolition work "as required" - it does not give the Contractor sufficient information for proper bid preparation.  Identify each piece of equipment that is to be given to the Owner.



Refer to Division 1, General Requirements, Cutting and Patching.


Install all piping, conduit and accessories to permit access to equipment for maintenance and service.  Coordinate the exact location of wall and ceiling access panels and doors with the Project/Construction Manager, making sure that access is available for all equipment and specialties.  Access doors in general construction are to be furnished and installed by the Fire Protection Contractor.

The Fire Protection engineer must coordinate access doors with the Project/Construction Manager and Designer.

 Provide color coded thumb tacks or screws, depending on the surface, for use in accessible ceilings which do not require access panels.


Coordinate all work with other contractors prior to installation. Any work that is not coordinated and that interferes with other contractor's work shall be removed or relocated at the installing contractor's expense.

Verify that all devices are compatible for the type of construction and surfaces on which they will be used.



Identify equipment in mechanical equipment rooms by stenciling equipment number and service with one coat of black enamel against a light background or white enamel against a dark background.  Use a primer where necessary for proper paint adhesion. 

Where stenciling is not appropriate for equipment identification, engraved name plates may be used.

Identify interior piping mains not less than once every 25 feet, not less than once in each room, adjacent to each access door or panel, and on both sides of the partition where exposed piping passes through walls or floors.  Place flow directional arrows at each pipe identification location.  Use one coat of black enamel against a light background or white enamel against a dark background, or approved pipe marking label systems, or provide snap-around type pipe markers as specified in Part 2 – Products.

Identify valves with signs per NFPA rulings.

Provide hydraulic design information sign of permanently marked weatherproof metal or engraved nameplate material. Secure to alarm valve with brass chain. Information to include location of the design areas, discharge densities, required flow and residual pressure at the base of riser, hose stream demand and sprinkler demand.


Lubricate all bearings with lubricant as recommended by the manufacturer before the equipment is operated for any reason.  Once the equipment has been run, maintain lubrication in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions until the work is accepted by the Owner.  Maintain a log of all lubricants used and frequency of lubrication; include this information in the Operating and Maintenance Manuals at the completion of the project.



Pipe penetrations in new poured concrete horizontal construction requiring F and T rating: Form opening using hole form or core drill opening.  Alternatively provide cast in place fire stopping devices/sleeves.  

Pipe penetrations in new poured concrete horizontal construction requiring F rating but no T rating:  Same as pipe penetrations in new poured concrete construction requiring F and T ratings except that schedule 40 steel sleeves may also be used.   

Pipe penetrations in new poured concrete horizontal construction that do not require F or T ratings:  Provide schedule 40 steel pipe sleeve, form opening using hole form or core drill opening. 

Pipe penetrations in existing concrete floors:  Core drill openings.   

Pipe penetrations through existing floors located in food service areas that do not require a T rating: Core drill sleeve opening large enough to insert schedule 40 sleeve, extend sleeve 2 inches above the floor and grout area around sleeve with hydraulic setting, non-shrink grout.  Size sleeve to allow insulated pipe to run through sleeve and paint the sleeve.  

Where penetrating pipe or conduit weight is supported by floor, provide manufactured product or structural bearing collar designed to carry load.




Provide all fire stopping of fire rated penetrations and sealing of smoke rated penetrations in compliance with section 07 84 00 Fire Stopping.



Select from the following paragraphs as appropriate to the project; not all are needed on every project.

In exterior wall openings below grade, assemble rubber links of mechanical seal to the proper size for the pipe and tighten in place, in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.  The bolt heads for the mechanical seal shall face the inside of the building to facilitate repair or replacement of the seal.


At all interior partitions and exterior walls, pipe penetrations are required to be sealed. Apply sealant to both sides of the penetration in such a manner that the annular space between the pipe sleeve or cored opening and the pipe or insulation is completely blocked.


For penetrations (both rated and non-rated) in floors subject to water intrusion or in rooms housing electrical equipment (but not within walls) provide one of the following:

Pipe penetration where steel pipe sleeve is used extend steel sleeve 2” above the floor.
Pipe penetration where cast in place fire stopping device/sleeve is used, extend device/sleeve 2” above the floor (provided it meets the device’s UL listing).
Pipe penetration where there is no steel sleeve or cast in place fire stopping device/sleeve, provide 2”x 2” x 1/8” galvanized steel angles fastened to floor surrounding the penetration or group of penetrations to prevent water from getting to penetration.  Provide urethane caulk between angles and floor and fasten angles to floor minimum 8” on center.  Seal corners water tight with urethane caulk. 

Floors subject to water intrusion or rooms housing electrical equipment include the following locations:

Food Service/Kitchen Areas
Walk In Coolers/Freezers
Electrical Equipment Rooms

Provide waterproof caulk sealant top coating on fire stopping system (or other approved means to protect the fire stopping system from water) in areas subject to wash down such as Food Service and Dish Washing Areas.


All training provided for owner shall comply with the format, general content requirements and submission guidelines.